"The Flagship Film Podcast"

“The flagship film podcast” featuring in-depth reviews, top 5 lists and interviews.

"Toy Story 4" Excerpt

Adam: Griffin, I wasn't fully aware of your "Toy Story" obsession until I came across an A.V. Club feature a couple months ago. Eleven questions – pretty simple concept. They ask interesting people eleven interesting questions. One of those questions was, "What possession can you not get rid of?" And your answer to that question, Griffin, was...? 

Griffin Newman: It was a Making-Of coffee table book, released at the time of the first "Toy Story." 

Adam: A very large, unwieldy book that you apparently referenced all the time. 

Griffin: Yeah! I still have it. I guess the first "Toy Story" came out when I was 6 and I demanded my parents got this for me. I think they just thought it was an oversized picture book, but it was a very dense production-pipeline-of-a-computer-animated-film-book that I would read obsessively to myself every night before I went to sleep. 

Adam: Now, quite profoundly, you said in the piece, "It symbolizes this moment where I started going so deep on how things got made and it crystallized in my mind that I, like, wanted to do that. I wanted to be the person who made stuff in some way or at least contributed to the process of making stuff." That's a powerful attachment to a book, and the interviewer astutely noted the connection between that attachment and the "Toy Story" franchise as a whole, preoccupied as it is with how tough it is to part with things from our past that were so important to us. That dialogue naturally prompted some follow up questions about "Toy Story 4" – again, this is a couple of months ago – which finds Woody and Buzz and friends going on a road trip with Bonnie and Forky, a funky looking spork Bonnie created at kindergarten orientation. "Kid is God," in the "Toy Story" universe is a basic theory I subscribe to that will likely come up again over the course of this show, and boy, does it support said theory that Bonnie can slap on a couple of googly eyes, add some tongue depressor feet and pipe cleaner arms, and all of a sudden, an eating utensil is sentient. 

Now, you were initially resistant to the idea of a fourth installment. In your words; "They went through multiple directors including John Lasseter, who has now become the disgraced expat of Pixar, and they went through so many writers that it just seemed like the movie was a disaster in the making." But the trailer, which showed us Forky, who sees himself as trash, not a toy, and the return of Woody's sweetheart Bo Peep, who was abandoned but found a way to embrace her freedom, gave you reason to be hopeful. In fact, you devised and shared a theory of your own around what "Toy Story 4" could be. And I love your predicted existential analogy. You said that it's essentially a movie about people who are obsessed with their career and can't be alone with their own thoughts, and learning how to enjoy retirement. They're empty nesters who can't center their life around their family and their children and have to figure out who they are. "So if that's what the movie is, I'm going to love it," you said, "and if it's just a retread then, I'm going to be the angriest person in the world." Now having seen the movie just last night, my guess is you're the happiest person in the world. 

Griffin: I am incredibly happy. 

Adam: And because every movie is so good, it's genuinely fun and enlightening to hear how people rank the films of the series. Where does "Toy Story 4" a place on your list?

Griffin: My ranking right now – and I've only seen for once. I saw it last week so I've had a little more time to process it, but it's at a disadvantage against all the other films that I have seen tens-and-tens of times. Right now, my ranking I think would be 2, 1, 4, 3. 

Adam: Hmm. Wow!

Griffin: But pretty tight. 

Adam: Yeah we're going to come to blows over this considering where I have 3 ranked. 

Griffin: Really! 

Adam: But we'll get to that. I want to hear more about why you rate 4 ahead of it. 

Griffin: Ahead of 3? 

Adam: Sure. 

Griffin: I think because this is what I was hoping for. You know, as you said there was all this sort of chaos behind the scenes, making this fourth installment. And the mere announcement of it seemed sacrilegious to most people because everyone kind of agreed that three ended so well. But they kept on saying, sort of in very vague terms, like, "We have a kernel of an idea that we think is so good that we have to do something with it." And then they would never really talk about what that idea was. The only thing they'd say was that Bo Peep was back. The movie kept on getting pushed back and going through the writers directors and all, as you said, and I was just 100 percent prepared for a movie that didn't have a reason to exist other than the fact that merchandise was already in production. But the Forky thing opened up the box of, "Oh are they actually going to make a movie that digs into some of the more existential questions about this franchise?" Because I think the "Toy Story" movies have always been very existential in that they are about these characters trying to come to terms with their place in the world. It's always about their status, their relationship to someone else, their ranking, their geographical location – any of these things. But the sort of messiness of, "Wait, so what are the rules of their sentience? How do they live? How do they come alive?" All this sort of stuff was always kind of the third rail. If you start to tackle this stuff, is it going to strangle the magic out of it? If you start to over explain it are you going to get a midi-chlorians situation on your hands? 

Adam: Right. 

Griffin: But Forky, from the moment he was revealed, seemed to me like a really good avenue to pursue these questions of what their entire raison d'être really is as toys, and especially because Woody has always been so methodical about this idea of... "Your in service of a kid." You know, the idea of the kid as a god. If they're not a merciless god, they're at least a kind of an indifferent god, you know? [Laughs]. 

Adam: Sure. 

Griffin: It's this weird relationship between the kids and the toys, where the kids love the toys so much, but have no awareness of the fact that the toys have these inner lives. So it is kind of a one-way relationship in a lot of ways. 

Adam: For sure. 

Griffin: Woody will wax poetic about what it means and how good you feel for helping a kid and all of that. But there is something kind of selfless about how much you're giving of yourself to some sort of greater power. And then the second thing that clicked into place for me was when they revealed the first images of Bo Peep, and she looks radically different in this movie. The thing that they always said was, "Oh it's gonna be Woody relocates Bo Peep who he hasn't seen forever and she's been in an antique shop." And that sounded like an incredibly boring movie to me. But the second it became clear? She has been living on her own. She is someone who has created a new pipeline for how to be a toy that is completely unbeholden to any owner and is just about living for herself and helping others without needing that sort of validation. Those two pieces seemed really exciting to me, and I feel like they did with those pieces of what I wanted out of this film. 

And I think 3 is, obviously, working really hard to give you a real sense of emotional catharsis and finality. I cannot make it through the last 20 minutes of 3 without crying. I've tried many times. It's my equivalent to like a saltine challenge where I'll put it on and see if I can get through without tearing up. And I cannot. And this movie is less... I don't know, violently emotional, but I think it's quietly more profound, and I think the ending it gives Woody, if you're really viewing Woody as the protagonist of these films, is a much more satisfying conclusion. "[Toy Story] 3" is a really good ending to the narrative of Andy and these toys as a group, but if you pull back and look at 4 in relation to the first three, it's kind of everything they've set up for Woody in the first three movies coming to roost, in a way that I found really, really affecting. 

"The Dead Don't Die" Excerpt

Josh: With "The Dead Don't Die," Jim Jarmusch doesn't exactly do for zombies what he previously did for vampires. "Only Lovers Left Alive," with Tilda Swinton and Tom Hiddleston as the title bloodsuckers, use such archetypal figures to anchor an existential tone poem about the death of imagination. "The Dead Don't Die," is much more of a straightforward genre piece. Or is it? Set in the peaceful, All-American town of Centerville, the film follows law man Cliff, played by Bill Murray and Ronnie, played by Adam Driver, as they casually patrol their Norman-Rockwell-by-way-of-David-Lynch community. 

Adam: There's definitely a little bit of that, and I believe you're obligated to say, "Centerville – a real nice place." 

Josh: [Laughs] It is quite a nice place. Something though does seem off, including the fact that the sun refuses to set. But it isn't until a couple of locals are found disemboweled in a diner that Cliff and Ronnie suspect zombies. Jarmusch has some fun playing with the genre. "Night Of The Living Dead," is the fountainhead  he probably sites the most, but is something else going on here? I'm going to argue that there's something deeply political at work, for reasons beyond the fact that Steve Buscemi shows up as a farmer wearing a red "Make America White Again," baseball cap. 

Adam: Actually, it says "Keep America White Again." 

Josh: Does it say "keep?". 

Adam: Which doesn't make any sense at all, and I think that's another layer to the joke. 

Josh: [Laughs] See, I'm glad you just came from the screening so you can clarify those things. Thank you. It doesn't take long to realize that "The Dead Don't Die," is bloody disgusted about the state of affairs in 2019 America. Now, since you just came from that showing Adam – I was able to catch it a few weeks back now – I don't expect you to have a fully formed breakdown of the movie as a political allegory. 

Adam: Oh, a challenge? 

Josh: If you have such thoughts... 

Adam: [Laughs]. 

Josh: ...I'm happy discuss the ways the movie is political, or maybe what we see the zombies symbolizing. But first, let's just zoom out and ask a broader question. If you don't agree with the movie's assumption – which I took as the fact that 2019 America is going to hell in a handbasket. The zombie apocalypse is upon us. If you don't agree with that, is there anything here for you to appreciate? Has Jarmusch's political angst energized him, or do you feel like it has maybe paralyzed him?

Adam: Hmm. No, I would definitely say more the former, and we can maybe talk about the meta elements to this film and whether that ends up being successful as comedy or satire or anything else. But I do think there's enough deadpan charm and humor here to say the movie's worth a look. And we could probably – because I think you like the movie too... 

Josh: Definitely, yeah. 

Adam: We could probably sit here and share our three or four favorite jokes from the movie at least. I didn't laugh out loud a ton but I was amused the entire time by this movie. And there's an extended bit that I do not want to spoil at all, when the police officers and a character named Hank, played by Danny Glover, discover the first set of bodies... 

Josh: Yes!

Adam: a diner. It's just a very Jarmusch slow burn that also is kind of rooted in our sense of these characters, even very early in this film, and their relationships and their dynamic. It just all makes such perfect sense in this world. So I loved that. It may be my favorite joke in the film.

Even if you didn't know anything really about Jarmusch and his point of view though, you should probably expect some kind of political satire from a zombie movie or most monster movies. You touched on this, and I remember prompting our discussion of "Only Lovers Left Alive," mentioning how if you google vampires as metaphors you'd see the results ranging from the very specific to the abstract throughout history and all forms of art. And Jarmusch explicitly said at the time that he thought vampires– he was using vampires here as a resonant metaphor. And we talked about "Night of the Living Dead," just a few years ago here on the show – "Halloween," was a Sacred Cow (episode 654 if you want to seek it out) and we spent a ton of time on the zombies as metaphors in that film for Vietnam, for race relations, for a whole lot about the state of America in the late '60s. And especially in "Dawn of the Dead," the follow-up from Romero, he really focused on consumerism. So here we are back to "Fight Club," a little bit, and that element is definitely at play here, especially when you see the first pair of zombies show up at the diner and immediately go for the coffee. It's not a Starbucks, but they have to douse themselves in coffee. And we see the zombies later just kind of loitering around, and they're asking for Wi-Fi and Skittles. [Laughs]

Josh: [Laughs] That's what they're moaning about. 

Adam: Yeah, they just fall into all of their old habits, the same way they all go to the mall in "Dawn of the Dead." So that's here definitely. To get back to your question though, Josh. I queued in pretty quick to the idea of this being some version of Trump's America because of that Buscemi red hat, and a little bit of talk early on of distrust of government and its agencies. But you could almost just dismiss that as a sort of backdrop and maybe even a little bit of an inside joke.

Until it finally really hit me, which is when they keep reinforcing the idea of the earth being completely off its axis, that this reanimation is happening because everything that we thought was normal is now abnormal. And I do feel this way every single day for especially the past three years. I feel like the Earth has shifted its axis. We no longer have any norms to rely on. Night is day, day is night, and the dead are living. The metaphor absolutely holds up. But I'll push it one step further, and maybe I'm reaching here a little bit, but for the obviousness of the metaphor here, there's one subtle aspect to it, I thought – or at least it seemed subtle to me. I do feel like Jarmusch might be kind of slyly posing the question, "What kind of citizen are you then when those norms break down? When the world is turned upside-down, how do you respond to it?" Do you, as one of the characters — one of our main characters we see — succumb to the terror? Just give in to it? Do you just observe, as one of the characters does through binoculars most of the film? Do you fight back? Or, I think maybe we see a little bit in the Adam Driver character of the police officer he plays, Ronnie Peterson... do you fight back, but along the way kind of lose a bit of your humanity? I think we see that maybe in his willingness to embrace a certain bloodthirstiness. And he's not doing it in a way that suggests that he's enjoying it. But nevertheless, he has a very quick willingness to be brutal, to do whatever is necessary that does actually shock and really surprise his fellow officers, Chloe Sevigny and Bill Murray. So that was something that did kind of stand out, even beyond the obvious Trump metaphor at play here. 

"Fight Club" Excerpt

Adam: In the Filmspotting slack channel a few days ago, Josh, you made this observation; "Interesting that the three '99 movies we've done so far all involve..."  and here's where you used an emoji, because you're one of the cool kids. 

Josh: Oh yeah. 

Adam: "...'exploding head,' twists." Indeed, there's a lot of mind-blowing going on in our opening trio of "9 from '99" conversations. In the case of David Fincher's "Fight Club," it's almost literal. The movie is bookended, after all, by the image of Edward Norton's unnamed narrator about to pull the trigger on a gun wedged into his mouth. And yes, this will be a spoiler-filled discussion of "Fight Club," whose twist comes earlier in its runtime than "The Six Sense's," but much later than Neo's red-pill-blue-pill moment with Morpheus in "The Matrix." I was all set to dismiss this observation – inconsequential, as they usually are. 

Josh: [Laughs] That's your instinct whenever you see something of mine pop up. 

Adam: Exactly, until I actually read rewatched "Fight Club," and got to the scene where the narrator – I'll just call him Norton from here on out – finally confronts where exactly his mind has been all movie. "This is impossible. This is crazy," he tells Brad Pitt's Tyler Durden upon hearing that he and Tyler are in fact the same person, to which Tyler explains, "People do it every day. They talk to themselves. They see themselves as they'd like to be." Which reminded me of, "I see dead people. They don't know they're dead." Both Norton and Bruce Willis as Malcolm Crow are in such denial that they don't even recognize the obvious fundamental truths about their very existences. Both movies ultimately are about characters coming to terms with their identities because they've only been seeing what they want to see or what they have trick themselves into seeing in order to give their lives purpose and meaning. I wonder if "Fight Club," which is considered a cult classic and was successful in the home video market after a disappointing theatrical run, is the type of film that reflects one's response back onto the viewer. In other words, does one see what they want to see in "Fight Club" – a profound take down of consumerism run amuck? Or, to quote the Letterboxd musings of Filmspotting producer Sam Van Halgren, "self-satisfied garbage," that itself feels like a product? An indictment of misguided, misdirected sadomasochistic masculinity, or purely misogynistic malarkey? Blow our minds Josh. What did you see in "Fight Club," this time, and is it any different than what you saw as a much younger, and let's face it, virile man in 1999? [Laughs

Josh: [Laughs] Wow! You have to go there, huh? Hey, I use emojis! Come on, doesn't that count for something? 

Adam: Yeah. 

Josh: It's keeping me young. 

Adam: Yeah. It shows how weak you are. 

Josh: [Laughs] Well, uh, boy... I would add quickly that Neo also... the deception is forced upon him, but [he] also fits into your description very well, right? 

Adam: Absolutely! 

Josh: He's seeing what he what he maybe wants to see. He's a little more self-aware than the characters in the other two films. 

Adam: Great point. 

Josh: But these three movies, I think what sets them apart [and] makes '99 such a great year is that they do have these sort of twists but are so much more than that. They make the most of them, interweave them into the ideas, and I would definitely put "Fight Club," in that category. It absolutely held up for me – my favorite Fincher film! We'll maybe get into a little ranking at some point, but it is still at the top – without having revisited a lot of them for this show, but definitely watching this again, I think it holds up. I think it's all of those things. If you want to say it is one specific thing – and I won't argue too hard against Sam here because it's not fair. He's not here – but if you want to say it is one specific thing, I think that is discounting the other things it also wants to provoke you into thinking about, because I know there are people who respond with revulsion to this film, and I think that's part of the film's intent on one level. I don't know if it's the ultimate intent of the movie, and that's probably why I still hold it in such high regard. I do see this ultimately as a social critique, but here's the wrinkle. This isn't something new that I discovered now, but it did hit me harder this time. It's social critique through the lens of a very disturbed individual. 

Adam: Mmhmm. 

Josh: Indeed, an individual who you could maybe describe now in today's terminology as one expressing toxic masculinity. 

Adam: Oh, we'll get there. 

Josh: And so, there is a way I can see "Fight Club," being even more revolting for people in 2019 than it was in 1999, when our antenna are up for such things. And I don't think that changes the fact that the movie is a lot smarter than that and is willing to provoke you, to just push you far enough to make you have that revulsion, that reaction to it. Now, the question for me is, "Is the narrator, is Norton's character, suffering from a societal ill, or is he a psychopath?" And I think if you answer either way to that, you're cutting the movie short, because to my mind, it is a combination. It's a portrait of an angry young man who's got some legitimate reasons to be angry. 

Adam: For sure. 

Josh: The critiques of consumerism, you know, do hit home. I think they're legit now. He's also psychologically damaged. This is a really troubled guy, and so the anger expresses itself in destructive and self-destructive ways. When I wrote about it in '99 I said, "It's a study in a specific psychosis one brought on by the consumer culture of our modern age," and let me point out, which shocked me... Think about that online shopping was not even really a thing in '99. And so we're even more immersed in this. So again, I understand the dramatic responses to this movie both positive, which I have, and negative. I think listener Jason Egan summed it up really well on Twitter when there was some back and forth about this film. (Hope to see Jason at the Filmspotting meet up in L.A. later this month.) Jason said, "The more I watch and think about this film the more woefully I think it's been misrepresented and misinterpreted by bros and anti-bros alike." I think he's dead on. 

Adam: Yeah. 

Josh: Because one of the disturbing things is that it has been picked up as a mantle for people who see Tyler Durden as a hero, just the way people admire "Wall Street," for all the wrong reasons. Maybe "The Wolf of Wall Street," similarly. But I don't think you can hold that entirely against the film. 

"Booksmart" Excerpt

Josh: "Booksmart," is a bit of an odd duck, Adam, in that it's at once incredibly cliched and surprisingly fresh. Beanie Feldstein and Kaitlyn Dever star as Molly and Amy, high-achieving seniors and best friends who wonder if they should have done less studying and had more fun in school. And so, the night before graduation, they decide to hit the biggest party of the year. The expected bits are here – the different high school cliques, the exasperated school administrator, here played by Jason Sudeikis, that party... We've seen variations on much of this before, from "Superbad," starring Feldstein's older brother, Jonah Hill, to "American Pie," to "Fast Times at Ridgemont High." Insert your own formative high school movie here. But then, you have the fact that the two main characters are girls. Four women wrote the screenplay. The director is a woman, actress Olivia Wilde making her feature debut. And the many queer characters are given more of a role in the narrative than usual, including Amy, played by Dever. So Adam, what did you make of this movie-whiplash – this conglomeration of the old and the new? Did you mind the clichés? Did you appreciate the freshness overall? Would you say "Booksmart," stands out in an incredibly crowded and familiar genre? 

Adam: Well, before you answer that, you may have to define exactly what the genre is. Is it teen comedy? Is it high school comedy? Are those the same, or is there a distinction there? Is this a teen high school sex comedy? There's lots of variations on it. We could maybe even get a little more specific. This is a geeks-trying-to-get-laid movie. 

Josh: Yeah, it hits all those subgenres I would say. 

Adam: Yeah it does. And undoubtedly driving the action here, to my last point, is the pursuit of action. It's Amy's crush that is gonna be a key part of this story, and then we learn a little bit more about Molly in one of her crushes later in the film. It's funny because I was thinking about this genre – or this mash up of genres – and there's no doubt if you were just going to start listing them, it is tipped in the favor of men or teenage boys. At the same time, maybe the definitive one is "Fast Times at Richmond High," which is predominantly a female perspective. "Clueless," recently "The Edge of Seventeen," "Lady Bird," I think all of those would probably qualify. And this is being billed, rightfully so, you mentioned, as the female "Superbad." I think for me it maybe stands out the most in the context of all of these Apatow-produced or directed comedies, which really have dominated comedy over the past decade or so – "40 Year-Old Virgin," "Knocked Up," yes, "Superbad," "Anchorman," "Stepbrothers..." But even there there's a few notable exceptions, like "Trainwreck," and "Bridesmaids." In terms of the stereotypes themselves – you touched on some of them – I think it's a little bit inevitable with a high school set movie. We have the try-hards here as two lead characters. You get the drama folks, you get the cool kids... I was trying to remember are there really any jocks in the film. 

Josh: I think the implication is that Nick is a jock? You know, the dreamboat vice president who doesn't pull his weight in student council? 

Adam: Right. 

Josh: I think that's the case. 

Adam: I think that's fair. There are the promiscuous girls, the rich kids, there's the lame principal, even though he's actually probably not that lame, and there's also the teacher who parties with the kids. I think about the great moment, early in "Say Anything," when the guidance counselor – I think it is – shows up to the party, and Lloyd's the key master and she drops her keys in and goes into the party. But I think I'm with you, because you said it felt fresh, and I never had the sense watching this movie that I was watching recycled characters. I think it's different in high school now. It's stratified. It's always going to be stratified, but it's also more fluid. People representing multiple cliques. They flow between them. A lot of the standard labels that probably applied back in our day – to sound like the old guys who want the kids off our lawn – as they apply to gender, sexual orientation, even politics, don't really apply anymore. The world is changed, high school's changed, and high school movies have changed too. I think we see that here. I think we see that teen lives in general are so much bigger than just my school, my town, my group of friends. That's one of the things that actually worked in "Lady Bird's" favor. If you remember, it was a period piece right, set back in the early '90s, so you really understood how trapped Lady Bird could feel and how much she would longed to go somewhere like New York, where she perceives culture to be happening again. I think "Booksmart," really reflects a 2018-2019 perspective, which is great. As much as I enjoyed that aspect of the film and appreciated Feldstein and Dever as a pair, I didn't fully get on board with this film until the last third, for a few reasons that we can definitely get into.

But since we're talking about cliches, here's one small one that never worked for me in this film. It was the trope I'll call the, "Damn, it feels good to be a gangsta," entrance. I thought it was hilarious in "Knocked Up," 13 to 14 years ago, but now it's so tired. Even Wes Anderson has been doing it long before that – and of course, he's doing it with classic rock instead of hip-hop. But we get that hip-hop music, the slow motion, as these nerds walk into a library, or wherever it might be–

Josh: It's the library scene [Laughs

Adam:  You know, flashing signs and acting a lot cooler than they really are. Now there's one time it really works, and it's in the opening scene, because Olivia Wilde as the director does something really clever. As they're dancing and the music's playing, she then cuts to a wide shot, and on the cut, stops the music, just to showcase how uncool they really are. There are a lot of nice touches like that in this film. 

"John Wick: Chapter 3 – Parabellum" Except

Adam: So Josh, as best as I can remember "John Wick: Chapter 2," Keanu Reeves spent at least half the running time of that film with a bounty on his head in New York City, with assassins attacking him left and right. And this movie, "John Wick. Chapter 3 – Parabellum," seems to pick up pretty much exactly where that movie left off. He has been given a little bit of a head start, but has been excommunicated from this system that they all seem to exist under. The rule of the High Table – he's been excommunicated from that. And it's crazy how this movie begins and how he spends most of its running time pretty much with a bounty on his head trying to survive against assassins who are attacking him from everywhere, and most of it in New York City. Even so, there's a lot of familiar ground here in "Parabellum." This was pretty easy as far as coming up with a setup question for you because I already came up with it a few weeks ago when we did our summer movie preview. My number two question of the summer movie season was, "Will 'John Wick: Chapter 3 – Parabellum," continue the mythologizing of "Chapter 2," or get back to the mystery of "John Wick." In other words would this movie, like the second one for me, get too caught up in all of the rules and regulations of the High Table and the secret society, or stick to the enigma that is John Wick and his motivations and his quest not only for survival, but for some kind of meaning? But I'm going to table that one. You're welcome to answer but listeners are going to hear us in a short time extol the virtues of Keanu Reeves as a screen actor. They're going to hear our Top Five Keanu Reeves Moments, and spoiler alert – we're both going to have a scene from "John Wick" in our top five. But I'm curious about is whether there's a single moment from "Chapter 3 – Parabellum," that would be in contention if you had time now to completely rethink your list. 

Josh: No. [Laughs]

Adam: I had a feeling you were gonna say that. 

Josh: Yeah, I don't think this is making the best use of Reeves. I think it's coasting on what it managed to get from him, primarily in "John Wick," and a little bit in the second film. I think this is definitely a case of diminishing returns. I'm not putting that on him as much. I think he's bringing his all to this, especially in some of these fight sequences. There's one in an antique weapons shop, and I think it is after hours, where he comes up against a bunch of these bad guys and they just start breaking the glass of the display cases and grabbing whatever they can to fight each other. Mostly knives, hatchets, I don't know if we get to an axe. I think it may stop at hatchet – to my relief at that point. Not a lot of gunplay yet, so there's a very sort of tactile visceral element to that fight scene. And Reeves is amazing as are the other stuntmen attacking him. It's a prolonged scene – a lot of single takes, but also, the returning director, Chad Stahelski knowing when to cut and just give us full bodies in motion. Obviously, with a stunt background this is something he's brought to the series overall. Now I also noticed something in that scene that happens at the end and kind of sets the table for where a lot of this movie goes, and it ties to your question about Reeves and how the movie uses Reeves. There's what I'm going to call... You know, "kill shot," is a phrase we're familiar with. I'm sensing that this movie is relying more on what I'm to call a "kill gag." And I'm not going to give that one away, but that sequence ends with... You can imagine what I mean. It's a kill shot that's meant sort of as a joke but also as an elevation of what we've come to expect from this series in terms of gore a little bit. The extremity of the violence? Where the victim is being stabbed? I don't think it undercuts that scene entirely but there is a later scene I am going to give away, another fight sequence in a stable. And here John Wick... I don't know if he, like, slaps the horse or does something–

Adam: He does the first time.

Josh: –to get the horse to kick the assailant and basically bash his head in. To me that is– I know we don't use the phrase "jump the shark" anymore, but that's the "kill gag," where I feel like John Wick has kind of gone off track, and here's why. It's not using Reeves. It's no longer at that point. The fight scene is less about Wick. It's not about his motivations, it's not about his anger, it's not about his technique. These are all things we're gonna talk about in our top five – what Reeves brings as an action figure. It's just more about the violence itself. It's about the shock of that moment trying to top previous moments in terms of the unexpected nature, the use of something as a weapon, and I think the more kill gags we get the less Reeves we get, and that's to the series' detriment. 

"Avengers: Endgame" Excerpt

Josh: We're all going to go see "Avengers: Endgame," Adam. You and I had the press screening earlier today. I'm going to be seeing it again Friday night with the family. Yet, every audience member is probably going for slightly different reasons. You've got your "Captain Marvel," fans, your "Black Panther," devotees and then there's [the] "Who do you side with in the Iron Man/Captain America rift?" [coughs] Cap. [Laughs] Some people... 

Adam: [Laughs] It should be Cap. 

Josh: Some people are going who only know these characters from the MCU movies. Others are comic book aficionados who bring a lifetime of knowledge into the films. Still there's maybe one thing that unites us all when we go to see "Avengers: Endgame," given that this marks a moment of finality for the MCU. We'll get more films. But it's fair to say there are a few ways in which the landscape is now irrevocably changed. We won't discuss any of that until spoiler-talk at the end of our review. What we're all probably looking for then is a satisfying sense of closure. We've given a lot to these movies. They've given a fair amount back. As the conclusion to a storyline 11 years and 22 films in the making, Adam, are you happy with how "Endgame," ties the MCU room together? 

Adam: I see what you did there, even if all of our listeners don't quite yet. I will point out real quick before I answer your question that my family visit, my re-watch of "Avengers: Endgame," is slated for Sunday, May 5th. The whole family is going except for my wife Sarah, who could not care less. And that was the first time really at the multiplex out by us that I could get tickets where we weren't in the front row. 

Josh: Yeah, I think we're in row 3. I was a little slow on picking those up and we might pay the price. 

Adam: Everybody else in the family is very, very excited, as fans of the MCU are and should be. The MCU has generally successfully balanced planetary and personal stakes, and I think that "Endgame," is a worthy culmination of that storytelling approach, if that's a good way to initially answer your question. This conflict of being who you are versus who you're supposed to be is explicitly stated a couple of times in this film, and it plays out in this film just as it played out in some form in probably every MCU film. And the ones that balance that conflict the best are for me the best, primarily the "Captain America," movies the two good "Iron Man" movies – and yes, I do think "Iron Man 3," counts as one of the better MCU films – and I'd throw "Black Panther," in there as well. I'm probably overlooking one or two.

One of the ways it manifests itself in this film and in the series is who these characters love, or come to love, and the choices they have to make between serving that person – serving that love and then growing as a person – or serving all people – the country, humanity, etc. – and growing as a hero. What's pleasing, ultimately, about this film and this chapter of the MCU – which I think is how we can kind of think of it because the MCU isn't stopping. 

Josh Right. 

Adam: But this sort of portion of it is. ...It isn't in who lives or dies, or whether good prevails over evil. It's whether or not all of those threads that the MCU has asked us to invest in are given their due and resolved. I would say at least for the core Avengers — I think they're referred to as the original six Avengers, the ones we've seen and not only multiple Avengers films but in the case of most of them in multiple solo efforts too. For me that closure. Individually and collectively was satisfying. 

"The Assassination of Jesse James..." Excerpt

Josh: I think it does make sense to start at the ending here, with this curious extended coda. How did that work for you, especially in relation to these themes that [listener] Tim [Clobashar] mentioned? This time around, was "The Assassination of Jesse James..." Kempenaar catnip? 

Adam: Yeah. Tim knows me very well, apparently. I would say that I was in long before that epilogue, or that coda that we get though. And of course, that myth-versus-reality element that Tim touches on? That's in every frame of this film long before we get to that point. I think I was mostly in because of the direction and because of [Roger] Deakin's cinematography. Listener Adam Grossman, who was the leader of the "Jesse James" cult on Twitter, urging it into Madness, and urging this Sacred Cow review into being, he touched on it in an email he sent us — Michael [Phillips] actually touched on it last week briefly when he was commenting on the movie. The best sequence in this film is that train robbery. I think we can get into the elements of that that really stood out, but I do love everything that happens in this film post-killing of Jesse James, including that Nick Cave performance we get you in the bar, with Bob Ford right there to listen to Nick Cave's version of now this legend. I love that the most Bob can counter with now that he's being portrayed in this song is to point out that the singer got the number of James's children wrong. That one little factual misstep somehow undoes everything else. 

Josh: Yeah, as if that would make a difference. 

Adam: Right! That dramatization we get onstage, that Tim touched on, is really stunning as well. There's a moment where the narration touches on how they were regarded as actors. It's suggested that Bob is actually thought of as a fairly good actor and that Sam Rockwell, as brother Charley, is a bad actor. But there's actually not a bit of truth in either performance, which is really what every actor is trying to get at. We know that this is all this grand embellishment, but then something changes and that's what I really love – when Charley becomes not only drunker but more disillusioned and more haunted by what they've done. I think it's worth noting here in the grand scheme of things, isn't he actually the bigger coward in this scenario? And is that maybe even some part of the shame in all of this? He's the guy that stood there with the gun drawn. But when the moment called for it, he couldn't do it. He released his brother– 

Josh: [Over] He frees his brother– 

Adam: [Over] –but he doesn't pull the trigger– 

Josh: -doesn't it make the decision. 

Adam: –in that moment, but he does become the character Jesse James. He inhabits the man we saw, as played by Brad Pitt. The way he walks, the way he talks, even the script changes — they really unnerve Bob. So there's this suggestion that this whole play only kind of sticks together — and really, in some ways their sanity only sticks together — if both men can continue to buy into this myth that they themselves have created and perform this version of events that ultimately suits them best. And once that's shattered, they really can't go on. I think it's ironic too, if you remember that great line early in the film, where Jesse asks Bob, "Are you trying to be like me, or are you trying to be me?" This is finally Bob's chance to actually impersonate Jesse. Of course he wouldn't do that in this scenario, but he could be the one playing Jesse, and instead, of course, it's his brother doing that. He's going to play the role that he actually had in this scenario even if it is mostly fiction. I do see that as maybe the ultimate sort of proclamation of his identity which he was always trying to get at. He was trying to get at it through Jesse James, attached to that myth, and establish himself. It's also ironic that only in death does he actually become like Jesse. It's only by the very end of the film when we see that the world now has developed this understanding of who he is. They have now their own kind of legend attached to him, and they think they know who he is and what he is. That's no longer at all how he sees himself. In some ways, I think this movie is always dealing with that idea, that Jesse, of course, never sees himself the way the rest of the world does. And when his life is taken, he's assassinated too. We even see it in Affleck's performance a little bit in those closing epilogue scenes — the weariness, that haunted look, the way he even walks through that bar and talks to people seems to resemble the way Jesse spoke to people in some of those flashback scenes. So it's finally there where he does get to take on some kind of the stature, and the character of Jesse. And of course it's only in that fleeting moment, in his death. Which is ultimately the tragedy of the movie, I think on one level. 

"Dumbo" Excerpt

Josh: Yes, Tim Burton is back, taking another very familiar property and giving it the special Burton touch. I guess we can debate how special that touch still is, Michael. He's done this a couple of times now in his career. The property here is 1941's animated film, "Dumbo," from Disney. The twist this time? Well, there's not really much of one. Screenwriter Ehren Kruger essentially spends the first 45 minutes of this, "Dumbo," which is live action — very heavy on CGI obviously, especially when it comes to the title character — but he spends the first 45 minutes essentially giving us the original movie. We march through the beats with a few twists here and there, foremost among them a new character played by Colin Farrell, a returning World War I vet that previously worked at the circus, run by Danny DeVito as ringmaster. His name is Holt Ferrier. He went off to war, has come back, lost an arm in the conflict also lost his wife while he was away. We learned she died from the flu. 

Michael Phillips: The influenza epidemic of 1919. 

Josh: Yes, as did many of the other members of this circus troupe. She left behind two young children who are there waiting for his return. So this broken family is at the heart of the story and an obvious mirror, of course, to the baby elephant who is born and separated from his mother, "Dumbo." Now, Michael, we came out of this screening and I don't think... As opposed to last week where Adam and I had not very long to process Jordan Peele's, "Us," and we panicked a little bit under that pressure. You and I are also coming from the screening. I don't think we feel quite the same pressure to figure "Dumbo," out as quickly. And as a matter of fact, you seemed pretty decisive. We were riding the elevator with a couple of people who were in the screening, and one of them just asked you, "Did you like it?" And you offered a very emphatic, "No.". 

Michael: No. [Laughs

Josh: Care to elaborate? 

Michael: [Laughs] I think that's it speaks for itself, Josh. 

Josh: That's all you can have to say! 

Michael: Can we please move on to the next segment? 

Josh: Let's give it a little more time. 

Michael: [Laughs] OK, we'll go on. 

Josh: I will try to, uh, I don't know if I will say I'm going to offer a defense of, "Dumbo," but I will try to highlight maybe a few grace notes that will leaven that emphatic, "No.". 

Michael: Righto. Good. 

Josh: Tell me your first reaction. 

Michael: There's lots to talk about, because we should figure out why some of these animation-to-live-action adaptations that Disney has got in its pipeline — I mean, my God, we're we're going to be riddled with these. The next two up are Guy Ritchie's version of, "Aladdin," which to me, the idea of Guy Ritchie doing "Aladdin..." 

Josh: Seems a little strange. 

Michael: A little, eh... Probably my least favorite director alive right now. But who knows, who knows? You know, hope springs occasional. 

Josh: Yes, this is true. 

Michael: And then beyond that? "The Lion King," [by] Jon Favreau, who actually scored a pretty solid success, and a huge financial success, with his live action version of "The Jungle Book." He's got "The Lion King" coming up this summer. They've done several already they have a dozen more — literally, almost a dozen in the pipeline, including everything from "Mulan" to who knows what. And here we have Tim Burton giving "Dumbo" a shot. Now, I would disagree with you on whether or not it really bears almost any resemblance to the old 1941 animated version. Just factually, before we get into opinion — this movie is twice as long. Dumbo ran 62-63 minutes. There was basically a musical. It had six or seven songs — good ones, that you hear [in this version] here in there. "Baby Mine," gets a gets a good, prominent place. 

Josh: Not a highlight. 

Michael: I never liked that song anyway. So, you have twice the length. It's not really a musical anymore, and then just in terms of story description — I'm keeping the opinion out of it for now. I'm trying to lean my case factually OK? — No talking animals this time. You don't have the wisecracking sort of Brooklyn-ese mouse whose was Dunbar's main friend. And in the old 41. 

Josh: There's some misdirection there we see a mouse early on. Turns out it doesn't talk and isn't really a major character. 

Michael: No, they don't talk. One of the big changes though, Josh — and I seriously think the movie wrestles with this in all the wrong ways — how do you make a movie about trained circus elephants at a time when Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey have been shut down or out of business? — and I'm fine with that, because of all the animal abuse or whatever a PETA and everybody else has been sort of charging circuses with for decades now. All that's all that's belongs to a very different time, and this story remains set in the past. In fact, further back than the 1941 version, because it is, as you say, right after World War I. How do you deal with this whole question of captive circus elephants without just sort of making it seem like utter cruelty? Now that may sound a liberal weenie whining or something like that, but this movie, I guess, honestly or somewhat sincerely tries to wrestle with this question — how are you going to retell this story that way? And then, as you say, the main inventions — and there's a ton of them, because it's all these new characters that were introduced by the screenwriter Ehren Kruger for this version. We have we have DeVito's circus people, a kind of motley multi-ethnic crew. You have Michael Keaton as the sort of proto-Walt Disney, who's got this huge Coney Island sort of circus —not a circus attraction, but an amusement park that's called Dreamland that really is meant to evoke this weird steampunk – early 20th century version of the later 20th century Disneyland and Disney World right. And of course, he's the main adversary in this story. So you have you have all this new stuff, and I would say every single one of those decisions just, for me, is a compilation of story misjudgments. 

Josh: Doesn't add up to anything. 

Michael: Nothing! 

"Us" Excerpt

Adam: Josh, most of the time we come straight from a screening to the studio to record a review. We don't really need to point out to the audience that it's a "still processing" review. We could probably get away with it and our listeners would believe that we had been thinking about the movie for a day or two. But I don't remember the last time I truly felt regret that we had to record under these circumstances and couldn't devote more time to a movie, because "Us" is a movie that requires some processing. 

Josh: [Laughs] It wasn't Captain Marvel? 

Adam: No. 

Josh: You didn't need an extra day for that? 

Adam: Probably not. 

Josh: Yeah... I could use a little more time... but let's just do it. We don't have the time. 

Adam: Yeah, let's just do it. We are going to point out right off the top here that this might be one of the shorter Filmspotting reviews ever, because it's not just a movie that could use a little bit of spoiler talk. I don't really think you can talk about the film much at all, beyond its surface pleasures or disappointments, without getting into spoiler talk. So we will be very clear about it at some point. We will transition into full blown spoilers. Hopefully you will have seen the movie or have time to see it and can come back to the review. We'll make sure for our radio listeners they aren't bombarded with a bunch of spoiler talk they don't want to hear. They'll have to go to or to iTunes and download the podcast if they are curious to hear more. Again, we will give you plenty of warning.

A little bit of background on the movie. We did mention that we went into the movie totally blind. I think we both saw the teaser trailer which didn't reveal too much. I do have the plot synopsis in front of me, and I think that gives us a starting point here. Lupita Nyong'o is Adelaide. She has two kids and a husband, played by Winston Duke. She went through a traumatic experience as a young girl, maybe about the same age as her son in the film The daughter is a little bit older. And we see that event play out at the very beginning of the film, and it reasserts itself in her mind as she goes on vacation with her family and happens to visit the same town and beach where the event occurred. At some point there is a home invasion situation that involves four people who seem to look just like the four members of the family in question. Does that cover it? 

Josh: Yeah, and I think, as you said, the two of us only saw that teaser. All of those things were in it. So I think we're on safe ground there. This is pretty well-known, unless you did even a firmer job than we did of not trying to learn anything about "Us." 

Adam: Right. 

Josh: And I... we probably for the [first] few minutes ahead, we will not proceed much further than those basic things. 

Adam: We won't. So my question for you...[laughs]. 

Josh: Yes. 

Adam: we try to get into this film, as we said, without revealing too much. We sat down and happened to find seats at our screening right next to our Next Picture Show colleagues Keith Phipps and Scott Tobias, and at one point Keith turned to you, just a few minutes before the movie started, and I think he asked, "How scary is this going to be?" Genuine question! Just wanting your thoughts on whether or not this is a movie where writer-director Jordan Peele was really going to be pushing the thrills and the chills and trying to really frighten us. The conversation segwayed a little bit into one about how his previous film, "Get Out," had some of those same horror and gore elements to it, but of course had bigger matters on its mind. So the question became, "Would this film behave similarly?" I guess my question for you is does Jordan Peele here have something on his mind beyond horror, or are the thematics, or any satirical elements like we saw in "Get Out," completely secondary to the craft? And on those terms alone, does this movie work or fail? 

Josh: Yeah, well, if we go back real quickly to, "Get Out," you know that was thought of or described as a horror comedy, simply because of Peele's background. I just looked up my review of "Get Out," to see how I characterized it, and I've got the line in there that says, ""People are describing this as a horror comedy. But it's pure terror." I think that is the case with "Us," first and foremost. This is terrifying. Now, with "Get out," I would say the bigger matters, as you describe them, are very much at the forefront. 

Adam: Of course. 

Josh: They're in the setup, in the premise. 

Adam: Race is a conversation literally from the opening scene. 

Josh: Exactly. So "Us," is a little craftier. But I do think, and we'll save this for spoilers, it is getting at something. 

Adam: I do too. 

Josh: I'm not entirely sure of what I think. So we'll work that out together. 

Adam: Hopefully. 

Josh: And maybe that is... Is that better or worse? I don't think it matters. It's just a little bit different of an approach, whereas we know what we're supposed to be thinking about at the beginning, in "Get Out." In "Us," we know we're supposed to be scared out of our minds — because we are, fairly quickly. 

Adam: Yes. 

Josh: And then, the shock, as we start to process what's going on, maybe we can find spaces here or there. Maybe the movie provides us a few clues here or there to start thinking about. Is there a metaphor at work here? Is there something that... You know in my mind as a fan of horror, I'm always looking for that other level that gives it... The craft of horror is one reason I love the genre, and "Us," has a ton of craft. I'll answer your question right away on that as well. Absolutely, there's a ton of craft here. But I do think there's more going on, and so I think that puts it in "Get Out," territory. I mean, again, you know, we don't have to always hold these movies up against each other. That was such a phenomenon, such a surprise from Jordan Peele. You know, maybe there is some concern or wondering is he gonna be able to do it again. I don't think he's done exactly it, but he's done something that is similar — just as invigorating, just as troubling. And I like to think in these few minutes I've been out of it, just as insightful. I just got to dig that out a little more. 

"Transit" Excerpt

Josh: A quick note as we get into our review here, Adam. The basic plot of "Transit," is something of a twist. So, if listeners want to go in completely blind, they might want to save our review until after they've seen it. There's really no way to talk around the central premise – and, in fact, it's pretty much revealed right at the film's start.

As "Transit," opens we seem to be in contemporary Paris, at least judging by the clothing and the cars that we see. But everyone is talking as if the city's fallen under Nazi occupation. There are dire warnings of the city being closed off, of citizens being abducted if they can't show the proper documents, and of homes being raided. Georg, played by Franz Rogowski, plans to flee as soon as he's delivered two letters to a writer as a favor for a friend. But when he discovers the writer has committed suicide, he quickly grabs whatever documents and manuscripts are in the dead man's apartment and stows away on a train to Marseilles, where he hopes to find a way out of the country. We eventually figure out the game that writer-director Christian Petzold is playing. He's taken Anna Seghers' 1944 novel, a "Casablanca-ish" yarn about political refugees seeking to flee fascist forces, and set it in contemporary France. I'm sure we'll get into the implications of that — artistic and political ones both. But first I want to get your initial reaction to this premise, Adam. When did you clue in to what was going on and what did you make it? 

Adam: [Laughs] I don't remember the exact point I clued in, but that was certainly the running question in my mind throughout this film – when is there going to be some kind of reveal? And you're absolutely right that there are mostly modern elements. You recognize modern-day Paris and the vehicles and the clothing I would say for the most part. But then there's stuff like old-fashioned radios and lots of typewriters. And there don't seem to be any smartphones or computers. And everyone's talking about transit papers in a way that is not modern at all. You referenced "Casablanca." Certainly that element is here, right? The French, and the Germans, and the black market activity, and all that paperwork. And we do have a love triangle at one point that's introduced, and a male character who has grander visions for the world and potentially making it a better place. We may get into this a little bit too – Rick's in "Casablanca," was always a sort of purgatory, which this version of Marseilles may be as well. And we see everyone just stuck here trying to get out. There's elements of Hitchcock, just like "Phoenix," that we could get into and maybe we won't. And then even at one point, there's a random "Dawn Of The Dead," reference. Georg actually says something about this film where people are stuck in a shopping mall and there's zombies or something, and you're going, "OK, so that happened in 1978. What year is this?" That really was a question I was wrestling with during the film and after the film.

When you have a movie like this that... I don't know if this makes any sense – probably a contradiction in term – but it's kind of a subtle enigma. Absolutely, an enigma! Feels like a puzzle, but at the same time isn't a high concept in the same way as something like "Memento," is. Not that there's any connection really to these two films, though there might be. But something like that, that you can sort of sum up in one or two sentences, what that hook is? You can't do that really with this film. And so you've got a movie that feels like it is building – at least it did to me – feels like it's building to a reveal more than just a conclusion or some kind of resolution to the story. There is a riddle aspect to the movie – the setting and everything you described but also all the references to storytelling. You have a writer here who is a factor in the story, and our main character who is impersonating that writer and who responds to the writer's work and characters in precisely the way we as viewers regard him and the other characters. And then we've got that kind of story within the story aspect, where he actually at one point recites the author's work about a man who is looking to register to enter hell and then discovers that he's already there. So, even within that story there's a Russian doll element, where that character believes one narrative and his perception turns out to be false. Throw in the voiceover–. 

Josh: Yeah. 

Adam: –that comes into this movie? 

Josh: The narration. 

Adam: The narration? And the fact that most often what the narrator describes, as if he is a first person witness to these events, what we see play out onscreen actually doesn't usually match exactly what he just told us. So all of those elements are at play here, and for me there was a certain expectation that it was going to become as clear as the cinematography here, with those rich deep focus shots of the streets and the seaside of Marseilles – even the hotel rooms have deep focus, no matter how cramped they may be. So as a viewer, what do you do? How do you react when then – I think it's fair to say – there isn't quite that payoff when the movie turns out to not be an immaculately crafted brain teaser but something else? Is there enough to latch onto, to overcome maybe a little bit of a feeling of disappointment? Maybe I should be ashamed a little bit as a viewer for wanting that kind of very simple basic pleasure out of this film, but when it wasn't there? Felt a little bit unsatisfied. As I reflect on the film? Absolutely enough layers for me to be excited to discuss it and to recommend it. 

"Captain Marvel" Excerpt

Adam: We're here for a, "still processing" review of "Captain Marvel." We just walked out of our screening of the film, which stars Brie Larson, of course, as Carol Danvers, a.k.a. Captain Marvel. Samuel L. Jackson appears as Nick Fury. I'm sure we'll discuss this aspect of the film, [Jackson] appears in the movie way more than I expected him to. We both went into this movie completely blank, and I think I might in a shorthand way describe this best as, "The Bourne Identity," meets, "The Right Stuff." We have this element of amnesia — Carol Danvers doesn't really know her true identity and spends most of the film trying to discover that, in addition to discovering, I suppose, her true power. And then we get that flight and space aspect to it in fact it– I was going to say name drops "The Right Stuff," at one point, going after my own heart. But actually, we see the box for the movie — a VHS box of the film — because it's set in the mid '90s. 

Josh: I knew this movie had a shot with you when that popped up. 

Adam: Yep! Everything was great after I saw that shot. I do want to say thank you to our friend Tasha Robinson. Right before I arrived at our screening, I saw a tweet from her. She linked to an article from one of the reviewers over at her outlet, The Verge. Shana O'Neil is the writer. And of course, I didn't want to read too much about the film, but the headline caught my eye, and the initial setup of the burden that has been placed on this film, I felt, was something we could wrestle with a little bit here. O'Neil writes that of course this movie is notable because it's the first female led Marvel Cinematic Universe movie. It's taken a decade. It's taken 20 movies but we finally got it. We needed Wonder Woman to pave the way for it. But it's here. And as O'Neil puts it the movie faces the, "triple challenge of living up to past MCU films, proving a female led movie can make the company money, and squaring off against one of DC's biggest hits." Add on to that, the films that have come immediately before this one in the MCU — the chances Taika Waititi took with "Thor: Ragnarok," what we saw in "Black Panther," from Ryan Coogler, and all of that leading up to "Infinity War," the movie that Tasha referenced at our end-of-year wrap party. That moment, that Thanos moment being kind of the pop culture moment of the year. "After all of that," O'Neil writes, "'Captain Marvel' is in the unenviable position of having to introduce a new character to the MCU, lay out her origin story, tie her in with the current MCU timeline, create backstories for several previously established characters, and set up even more significant elements for 'Avengers: Endgame." So, Anna [Bowden], Ryan [Fleck], as the filmmaker's, not only taking on a challenge where they've never made this kind of film before — their previous efforts including "Half Nelson," and "Sugar" — they now have all that weight on their shoulders. Did they manage to pull it off? 

Josh: Oh man, you're making me sweat here. I feel like I'm under pressure. That was a lot. I didn't think about how much this movie was bearing. And, maybe to tick off a few of those things, how does "Captain Marvel" match up with previous MCU installments? Coming out of it, it's one of my favorite. 

Adam: Really! 

Josh: So I think it does just fine that way. What's it going to do box office-wise? I don't care. We'll see. You know, I mean that's luxury you and I have where it doesn't really matter. I have a feeling it'll do pretty well because I think it does all the things that the Marvel films that have managed to score with audiences have done. And you know, stacking it up against DC's, "Wonder Woman," there's just no point in doing that. We have six bajillion male-led superhero movies that, yeah, we rank and so forth, but we don't pit them against each other for their maleness, so there's no point in doing that here. I mean, how do you go about meeting all of those challenges? Maybe this simplifies it, but maybe this is what I say; just make a good film. Just put all that aside, sit down, make something that's entertaining. Bring some good ideas to it, offer some fun performances, and don't get too overwhelmed to speak to one of the other things that was mentioned that verge article — don't get too overwhelmed by the larger MCU. And I think that's what they've managed to do here with "Captain Marvel." Now thinking about it in that context, one thing that came to mind for me, as I'm sitting in this movie, is — I don't know how many MCU films we've reviewed but a fair amount — I don't think Kevin Feige's name has ever come up in any of our reviews. Maybe in passing reference. 

Adam: Maybe a failure on our part, but that's true. 

Josh: Well, I'm bringing him up here because this is another example– and obviously you know he's the main producer on all these films, and obviously there are many other producers and casting directors and people underneath him who are intricately involved, but he's been the guiding force. And this is yet another example of matching filmmakers and actors with the material that are just perfect. And he's been doing this since the beginning. I won't run through them all, but let's just recall the first one; Robert Downey Jr. and Jon Favreau for "Iron Man." Neither of them, obvious choices, right? In retrospect, perfect choices. So what's he done here, as a producer once again, found the right script, the people to write that script, and then direct it, in this case as well, and found the perfect star. And I mentioned the script first because I think of Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck as– you know, they've always been... The two things are so intertwined, the script writing and the directing, as you mentioned, from "Half Nelson," or "Sugar," or one I really liked a lot, "It's Kind of a Funny Story."

Adam: Yeah, me too. 

Josh: Haven't seen "Mississippi Grind," myself. "I should note, they have a third screenwriter here on "Captain Marvel," Geneva Robertson-Dworet. Unfamiliar with her, but apparently wrote last year's "Tomb Raider," which I didn't see but heard good things about. All right, so their strength, especially Boden and Fleck, is as screenwriters and that is what as you hinted at when you talked about the plot here. That's what this Marvel movie needs. This is really a slyly structured origin story in which the hero discovers her origin alongside us, and that's crafted in a very compelling way here. It's a bit of a mystery. It just freshens up this whole idea of figuring out what is the origin of a superhero we're not familiar with, doing it through this sense of memory recovery. "The Bourne" element, as you're talking about. You know, it really works here. Now, I'll throw it back to you and we can get back and talk in a little bit about the star element and how Larson plays into that. But again this is just more evidence of Feige's hand, or the people he has working under him, doing that old Hollywood job of matching the talent with the material. 

"The Matrix" Excerpt

Adam: What is "The Matrix?" The question that, apparently, not too many people were asking surrounding that film and its release back in '99. Everyone surely would be talking about it soon after. A little bit of background on "The Matrix," and I suppose its stature. It did end up being the number five film at the box office this year – made over $463 million dollars total, $171 million domestically, behind three movies that are part of our "9 from '99," series: "The Phantom Menace," "The Sixth Sense," and "Toy Story 2." And one film that most certainly will not be, "Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me." How about the Oscars? Josh are you willing to make the case now, upon this revisit, for Keanu Reeves against actual best actor nominees Kevin Spacey, Denzel Washington, Richard Farnsworth, Russell Crowe, and Sean Penn? 

Josh: Spacey got it. Farnsworth should have. That's my answer to that question. 

Adam: “The Matrix,” was nominated for and won four Oscars – editing, visual effects, sound and sound editing. Forget the Oscars. What about Filmspotting Madness? This year it's the best of the 2000s. Last year it was the best of the '90s. “The Matrix",” was the 10th overall seed. Seems about right. Could possibly be a little bit higher. Do you remember at all how “The Matrix,” did in the tourney, Josh? 

Josh: I'm going to say elite eight? 

Adam: Indeed, it lost in the Elite Eight to "Goodfellas," so it finished tied for fifth with "Rushmore," "Fight Club," and "The Big Lebowski." Not bad. Then we've got the Filmspotting poll, as we were embarking on this "9 from '99," series. We asked listeners a few weeks back to name the best film of that year. We gave you six options, plus the ability to write in your own candidate. "The Matrix," won with 24 percent of the vote. And my guess is a lot of people approached the vote the same way Jeff in Olympia Washington did. He wrote, "When I think of the best film of the year, I think about which film A) stood the test of time, and B) was the most significant or influential. This is a great pack of films. But I think the edge goes to the Matrix."

Of course there's a lot to parse in Jeff's concise criteria. Does standing the test of time mean that it's absolutely just as enjoyable to watch in 2019 as it was in 1999? Or that its style and what-is-real-how-do-you-define-real substance is just as prescient and provocative now as it was then? Or is it both? And what of its influence? I'm not concerned so much with quantifying how much it has been imitated or qualifying how successful the imitators have been.

But I am fascinated by the way author Chuck Klosterman framed the discussion of the movie and his appearance on our 600th episode where "The Matrix," made his list of the Top Five Movies Future Historians Will Remember and in his book, "But What If We're Wrong: Thinking About the Present As If It Were the Past," where he wrote, "When 'The Matrix,' debuted in 1999, it was a huge box office success. It was also well-received by critics most of whom focus on one of two qualities; the technological – it mainstreamed the digital technique of three dimensional bullet time, where the onscreen action would freeze while the camera continued to revolve around the participants – or the philosophical. It served as a trippy entry point for the notion that we already live in a simulated world, directly quoting philosopher Jean Baudrillard's 1981 reality-rejecting book, "Simulacra and Simulation." And it's true. We do see that book on a nightstand or on a bookcase in Neo's apartment at one point. "If you talk about 'The Matrix," right now," Klosterman continues, "these are still the two things you likely discuss. But what will still be interesting about this film once the technology becomes ancient in the philosophy becomes standard?"

Now Josh you know Chuck's fascinating answer, one I'm sure we'll touch on, which is tied to the fact that the film's co-writers and directors, each completed their transitions from male to female since "The Matrix's," release. What's your answer? What's interesting about "The Matrix," not in the distant future which Chuck is most concerned with, but in the present, 20 years later, when the technology that the Wachowski sisters so skillfully employed may not seem ancient, (but standard, sure) and in the philosophy – well how many times per day does someone in your Twitter feed joke about the worst timeline we're currently stuck in? 

Josh: While Chuck's right. I mean, in a lot of ways, he was more right than he knew. The future is now. I think that element – when did we do that show with him? Was that 2017 or was it in 2018? 

Adam: I don't recall. 

Josh: Maybe it was about a year ago, maybe a little bit more. But basically, that's exactly the element that people would want to talk about now first, I think, are the gender issues here at play in the film. And then of course in the background with the Wachowskis, I think it's also interesting – and we'll we'll get to this maybe – that the movie has a lot of revolutionary stuff on that end and also a very square element that surprised me when I watch this again and forgot a little detail towards the finale. So maybe we can revisit that. 

Adam: Is this related to the love story. 

Josh: The kiss. 

Adam: OK, yeah I guess we'll talk about it. 

Josh: I was surprised. 

Adam: Yeah, I'd forgotten it. 

Josh: But to go back and answer your question... You know ,I think what I would say is that it's not the technology or the philosophy for me that make this still so shockingly fresh. It's the way it interweaves the two intricately, where they feed off each other. They need each other. They reverberate with each other in a lot of ways.

We talked about last week, "Lego Movie 2," and one of my disappointments was the way it didn't do that very same thing that the first Lego Movie did — interweave idea and form so intricately. "The Matrix," does that. I mean, if whatever philosophy you want to talk about that strikes your fancy that's in this film... We could throw out Descartes too, "I think therefore I am." Is that the angle you want to take on what's going on here? The Christianity that's in this movie — there's so much in here about... You could discuss being slaves to sin. How does the actual narrative and the special effects capture that notion? Or the many references to Buddhism that's in this film as well. Whatever philosophy you pick to focus on, the technology the film uses to get bullet time, to get these ideas of what is our identity what is reality, it's right there in the form of the film. And that is still the brilliance of "The Matrix," and I think that's what will be the brilliance of "The Matrix," no matter how many years out we get. Because you'll have movies with big ideas but the aesthetics aren't necessarily tied to it. They're they're topping, you know? It's sprinkled on top in an action-philosophy film. Or you'll get movies that have a lot of great action, but not a thought in their pretty little heads. And this is a movie that weaves those two things together consistently throughout. That was the thrill for me when I first saw it in '99. And that hasn't lost its freshness today. I don't think it will. 

"If Beale Street Could Talk" Excerpt

Josh: The last time most of us saw him, Adam, writer/director Barry Jenkins was accepting Oscars for 2016's "Moonlight," including, quite dramatically, Best Picture. That sort of success gets you a lot in Hollywood. It's one reason I still like to keep an eye on the awards, and indeed, Jenkins used his newfound clout to pursue a passion project – an adaptation of James Baldwin's 1974 novel, "If Beale Street Could Talk," set in 1970s Harlem. The plot centers on a troubled young couple – Fonny, played by Stephan James, who is awaiting trial in prison after being falsely accused of rape, and his girlfriend, Tish, played by Kiki Lane, who is desperately working to clear his name while also carrying their child. Though an adaptation like this is no easy task, Jenkins surely had more resources at his disposal post-Oscars than he did while making "Moonlight." I wonder if you saw any particular evidence of that on the screen, Adam. In many ways this is clearly the work of the same filmmaker in terms of style and sensibility. But is there anything about the movie that reveals Jenkins taking these resources, this opportunity to even more fully come into his own powers? In short what impressed you most? I already know you liked it. 

Adam: Yeah. 

Josh: So what impressed you most about "If Beale Street Could Talk?" 

Adam: I loved it actually, and there's so much I can outline that really impressed me. I don't begrudge anyone certainly who prefers "Moonlight," to, "If Beale Street Could Talk," who perhaps even thinks it's the more provocative or challenging film. I don't probably agree with that, but either way for me, "Beale Street," is no less of an achievement. I think you could actually point to its ambition compared to "Moonlight," at least in terms of its scale. The sheer number of characters and the scope of, "If Beale Street Could Talk," is grander than "Moonlight," and the audacity of trying to harness James Baldwin's language, and his mixture of the personal and political. Maybe as well – and we'll talk about this I hope in a little bit more detail – the way Jenkins doubles down here on the influence of Wong Kar-wai. The lushness of this film is something that we saw elements of, undoubtedly, in "Moonlight," and here he's taken it to another level. I just want to say my experience with this movie, as we've joked a little bit about cramming all of these films in last minute. And we will confess a lot of them to not having the greatest viewing experience because, unlike "Roma," which we did both see on the big screen we both watched, "If Beale Street Could Talk," from the comfort of our couches. 

Josh: Yeah. 

Adam: And maybe not ideal, especially when this happens often. You're very excited to watch a movie – of course you are! You have high expectations – it's Barry Jenkins. Why wouldn't you? But it's a weeknight and you're tired and you know almost nothing about the movie except it doesn't promise to be an easy sit. I suspected that I was going to see some bad things happen to good people in this movie and I apologize if that didn't get me pumped up to throw, "If Beale Street Could Talk," in my DVD player. And then the movie starts and within seconds all of that tension and all of that trepidation just dissipates, which doesn't mean I didn't end up wrecked watching some very bad things happen to some very good people. But really for me, Josh, from frame one, I was so swept up in this romance – the central relationship between Tish and Fonny, and the romanticism with which Jenkins renders that relationship – that I was comfortable observing this world for as long as Jenkins would let me do it. I think it really sunk in from the opening sounds – not even the images, but the opening sounds of Nicolas Britell score. 

Josh: Oh, it's a great score. 

Adam: There's a melancholy to it, an elegiac quality to it, a deepness, and a resonance that grounds it in the harshness of the world that surrounds these two lovers. But it also often flutters and occasionally soars. And I think for me it really just... It hints at a spirit that is all powerful and eternal, just like this love is, and then we see that manifested in the cinematography as well. I could go on and on but I want to hear what you thought. 

"The Favourite" Excerpt

Adam: Olivia Coleman as the beleaguered queen. Rachel Weisz as her ruthless, but most trusted friend and adviser, Lady Sarah. And Emma Stone as the interloping viper, Abigail. And just when I thought last week's conversation about "The Ballad of Buster Scruggs," had exhausted the need to come up with a more synonyms for cynicism, we have "The Favourite," a film with a decidedly lower body count than "Scruggs," with regard to onscreen casualties anyway, but arguably even a more acetic view of human nature. Nobody in Queen Anne's early 18th century court gets shot in the back by a rival, as we see in the Coen's Old West – though a rifle may not-so-accidentally get fired in one's general direction to deliver a pointed message during an otherwise elegant afternoon of pigeon shooting. And even the lowliest kitchen helper with no power or political agenda to angle for is more likely to connive to inflict pain or embarrassment than spare a moment of compassion for a new servant.

So Josh, who did you find the most redeemable in this basket of deplorables? Or perhaps who did you find the most entertainingly irredeemable? Coleman's exhaustingly needy childlike monarch? Weisz's icy, brutally honest Sarah? Stone's seemingly wide-eyed schemer? Or, rakish puppet master Yorgos Lanthimos? So determined to devise and explore hermetically sealed worlds that present their own unique language, protocols and acrid blend of decorum and debauchery. 

Josh: Yeah, this is quite the cheery vision of humanity isn't it? As we would expect from Lanthimos. I think we both knew what we were getting into at this point from that director and for the most part we both really enjoy getting into these sorts of dramas that that he gives us. Great question. I would argue they're all redeemable. 

Adam: Nice! 

Josh: But I would also say-. 

Adam: Such compassion, Josh. 

Josh: I guess I would say that some of them have more redeeming qualities than others? Let's start at the bottom, which it sounds like we both agree is Emma Stone's Abigail. 

Adam: Maybe not. 

Josh: Oh, OK. I mean she is just out for the kill from the beginning, and understandably so for many reasons – the more we hear about her past and, as you said, her station in her class... Man she's– look out. Look out for her, right? And it is, to answer your other question, a perverse delight to watch Stone get to showcase new levels of deceitfulness, especially when her early reputation for sure is as a sweet-natured – someone who plays sweet natured parts, right? Rachel Weisz's Lady Sarah... I think there might be a little bit of genuine love there for the queen, and it's gotten just tangled up in plays for political power and all sorts of other things that we see happen in this film, so that [love] seems to have faded and faded until it's almost entirely gone. But there is... You still see glimmers of it. That makes her, you know, have some redeemable qualities.

I think Queen Anne – and this is maybe tied to how I enjoy the performances. Enjoyed them all, thought they were all great. But Olivia Colman as Queen Anne is just fantastic in the way that she's at once the most... She is the most easily manipulated in some ways, but she's also the master manipulator. And a lot of it has to do with the fact that she's at the top of the chain, right? She's the queen, but she plays that card throughout and Coleman just gives her... There's a lot of "King Lear," going on in this movie, and I think Coleman captures what that play has. It's this idea of a monarch as a having this weary ferocity of a dying animal. There's a desperation to her so that she's at once the movie's most monstrous presence when she really wields that power. But she's also I found her to be the most sympathetic and maybe having the most redeemable qualities because of that. So that's sort of where I landed after a first viewing of this – in one way perfect Lanthimos film in the themes that it's exploring and intriguingly different in that costume drama setting. 

"The Ballad of Buster Scruggs" Excerpt

Josh: This is indeed a Coen brothers friendly show, Adam. The work of Joel and Ethan Coen tends to dominate our Filmspotting Madness tournaments each year, where listeners vote in an NCAA-style contest pitting movies and their makers against each other. "Fargo," won our Best of the 1990s edition. The Coen brothers themselves won our Best Directors tournament. When it comes to the two of us though it seems as if we equally appreciate the Coens, but maybe from different vantage points. Case in point, in the last 10 years we've each named a Coen brothers film as our favorite in a given year. But for you that was 2013's "Inside Llewyn Davis." For me it was 2016's "Hail, Caesar!" If you look at our separate lists on Letterboxd, ranking their films – or could decipher our opening shoot out – our top fives share only two titles in common, "Fargo," and "No Country for Old Men."

All of this brings us to "The Ballad of Buster Scruggs," the Coen's anthology Western, comprised of six separate tales set on the American frontier. I was quite intrigued when I saw where we each ranked "Buster Scruggs" on those Letterboxd lists. Before I get to that though, a bit more background on "Buster." The opening tale, "The Ballad of Buster Scruggs," features Tim Blake Nelson as the title character, a singing gunslinger who wears snappy white chaps and tends to shoot up every saloon he enters. He's sort of like a smiley Anton Chigurh. The next tale, "Near Algodones," stars James Franco as a dimwitted bank robber and Stephen Root as a resourceful teller. This is where you yell, "Pan shot," Adam. 

Adam: Pan shot! 

Josh: Nice. "Meal Ticket," follows, the bleakest installment, featuring Liam Neeson as a travelling showman and Harry Melling as his act, an armless, legless man reciting lofty oratory poetry, famous speeches, [and] Bible passages to frigid frontier crowds. That puts us at the halfway point where we get the cheerier, "All Gold Canyon," with Tom Waits as a persistent prospector, and "The Gal Who Got Rattled," a tentative, touching romance between a pioneer woman named Alice, played by Zoe Kazan, and a trail guide named Billy, played by Bill Heck, who showcases some real leading man chops. Did you notice how Kazan pronounces Oregon, Adam? 

Adam: I did actually. [Laughs

Josh: I expect the Coens to get many, many emails. 

Adam: And then I noticed how Bill Heck said it correctly. 

Josh: [Laughs] Things do come to a spooky conclusion with "The Mortal Remains," featuring a midnight stagecoach. Saul Rubinek, Tyne Daly, Chelcie Ross, Jonjo O'Neill, and Brendan Gleeson are the passengers who may or may not be galloping to their final resting place. So what do we make of "The Ballad of Buster Scruggs, in its entirety, Adam? Let's start with the unlikely fact that you and I both ranked it in the same spot on Letterboxd amongst the Coen brothers filmography, and it's even lower than where listener Ben had it at 11. We've both got it at a lowly number 15, so I'm curious to hear is there a particular reason "Buster Scruggs," fell that far down for you. Or do you essentially think it's pretty great, and that list is mostly a testament – as Ben says – to how damn good the Coens are? 

Adam: I hate to spoil your setup. You had some nice symmetry going there, but within about 24 hours of putting it in the 15 spot– 

Josh: Oh my gosh you re-ranked them?

Adam: –on letterboxd, I reranked it. 

Josh: You're ridiculous. 

Adam: I reranked it and I definitely– 

Josh: You're ridiculous! 

Adam: –knew I had to rerank it after I watched "The Ballad of Buster Scruggs," for a second time. I actually right now, Josh, have it at number 12. 

Josh: OK... 

Adam: And it is absolutely a testament to how good the Coen brothers filmography is. I think "Buster Scruggs," is pretty great, and we will not devolve into breaking down those rankings. I probably have, if I wanted to get really specific, five different tiers of Coen brothers movies, and that starts with six movies that are just flat out masterpieces – six movies that [...] on any given day I could take from any slot and move into the number one slot. But if I wanted to be a little more general about it, I could simply say that there are two tiers of Coen brothers movies of the 17 I've seen. There's one I haven't seen, and that is, "The Ladykillers." There are 15 that I think fall on some scale from really, really good to, as I said, masterpiece, and then there's two – just two at the bottom that I don't fully appreciate. Those are "Intolerable Cruelty" – I know there are some defenders out there of that film, and there are a lot more defenders out there of "Burn After Reading," which I'll admit I probably got wrong and just need to see again. I think the two that we really are actually split on the most is "The Man Who Wasn't There" – you have that ranked a lot higher – and also "True Grit". I think both are very good films, but those I know are right up there in that, what, top eight or nine for you, if not higher? 

Josh: Yeah, I like both of those, and also I really like "Intolerable Cruelty." I would say the one that I'm lower on than you is "A Serious Man." 

Adam: Yeah. 

Josh: That's basically how things shake out, so we do have distinct differences when it comes to the Coens. 

Adam: And we might have a distinct difference when it comes to our reads on this film, "Buster Scruggs." I think it is an unabashedly bleak yet oddly hopeful and entertaining meditation on the Coens perennial occupations the folly of human nature and death. I only know how you feel Josh based on your little Letterboxd blurb, but based on some of your phrasing there, I get the sense that you have a little bit of a different read on this. 

"Widows" Excerpt

Adam: Back in January, when we did our Top 5 Questions of the 2018 movie year, I asked which female-led heist octet ensemble will we most want to see get away with it – "Ocean's Eight" or "Widows?" And yes, I was including in that octet, on the "Widows" side, some of the men who do populate the cast of Steve McQueen's "Widows." But this is undoubtedly a female driven film. I did not ever see "Ocean's 8," so I can't answer that question. Maybe you can give us the short answer here in just a little bit. It was certainly one of my most anticipated movies of the year overall for a variety of reasons. I think you were excited as well – certainly the pedigree of Steve McQueen, the director of "12 Years a Slave," "Shame," and my favorite film of his, "Hunger." Gillian Flynn – I know I like "Gone Girl" more than you... I think probably a lot more than you, but I was curious to see the fruits of that collaboration on the screenplay between Flynn and McQueen. And for whatever reason, we Chicagoans seem to love seeing our city depicted on screen. This movie is in every way a Chicago movie, not just in the locations. It's really about so many of the things I think we identify as prototypical Chicago, even if for some that's not from any experience actually living here – it's just from seeing Chicago as it's portrayed in the movies. This is one of those movie portrayals of Chicago, and that doesn't necessarily make it a false one. But I'm going to put you in the role here of the thief who's preparing for the heist and you have your checklist of the things that have to go right in order for this to be a success. What had to go right for "Widows" to be a success? Did you need to see some of those Steve McQueen visual directorial flourishes? Did you need to see some unconventional choices for a heist movie, or simply see a satisfying heist movie with a great central heist scene? Or maybe it was the performances you were most excited about – Viola Davis leading the cast here along with Michelle Rodriguez, Elizabeth Debicki and Cynthia Erivo. Three of them have lost their husbands in an arm robbery attempt, that we see at the very beginning of the film, that goes wrong, and the four women, despite not knowing each other previously, do come together to stage a heist of their own not really by choice so much as for survival. So, did "Widows" deliver on any of those counts? All of those counts? 

Josh: Well going in at the top of my list was Steve McQueen's presence. That was what I was most interested in. As with you, I think he's one of the most exciting working filmmakers today, and so I wanted to see what he would bring to a genre picture. I mean, none of his other movies really could be classified in that way, and I was excited to see the distinctions that he would bring. I think you get a handful of them here that we will talk about. The cast, yes, would probably be second on that list of mine, and I definitely want to talk about what we think this movie does or maybe doesn't quite do with the cast. You mentioned "Ocean's Eight," and I will say just as it was unfair to compare "Ocean's Eight" entirely through the lens of "Ocean's Eleven," though maybe a bit inevitable, it's also unfair to compare "Widows" entirely through the lens of "Ocean's Eight." 

Adam: [Laughs] I can only imagine. 

Josh: But it's interesting how they each do something better than the other. And if you added them up, we probably would have had a really good woman-driven heist film in 2018. 

Adam: Okay, do tell. 

Josh: For me, "Ocean's Eight" had a sleek efficiency. It was more of a commercial product even though "Widows" is a genre film. The plot, you mentioned that heist, that it goes off like clockwork, is that one of the things you want... You get all of those things in "Ocean's Eight." It just moves. It doesn't move as smoothly as "Ocean's Eleven," to make another comparison, but it does move and I appreciate that about it. I also appreciated the chemistry that you had in "Ocean's Eight," particularly between Sandra Bullock, Cate Blanchett, and really the whole cast. You know they had that going – again, not as much as the guys in "Ocean's Eleven," but they had some of it. I think "Widows" is missing both of those things. Really strong cast, but I don't know if it ever gets them all on the same page. Also, the plot mechanics – and there is a ton of plot in "Widows." We were trying to just hash out, you know, after the film on our way over here to the studio, where we thought things landed just to kind of get a base of understanding for this conversation, and I don't know that we entirely did. So... 

Adam: No, I blame myself there, not McQueen or Flynn. 

Josh: Well, of course. That's why we were doing the work. We were saying, "Now did this mean this? Did that mean that?" And maybe at the end of the day this is a possibility too, because there are a lot of politics and cultural conflict going on here, maybe you could say to be generous that all those misunderstandings are on purpose because this depicts a city that is a corrupt mess. And so we're not supposed to make sense of it. OK, that's the generous reading. It was intentionally confounding, but it was [still] confounding for me. So I'm really mixed. I'm left mostly excited about a few signature touches that McQueen brings to it. Before I highlight those, let me hear what you made of it. 

Adam: Yeah I liked it a lot more than you. And it's funny, because I didn't see "Ocean's Eight," so I can't compare them at all, but surely this film has so much more on its mind, and I think it does a really good job of exploring all of those things. We may touch on a few of the specific ideas here, but already you've talked about the sense of corruption and the way that those abuses of power do find their way into every aspect of this film. No, it's not going to be these sleek, efficient kind of thrill ride that something like "Ocean's Eight" probably was trying to be, but I still found it overall to be a really tight film. What I mean is even though I can't quite piece together who exactly stole from who and who was trying to get it back or do what with it, that's only really because there's an element – there is a twist – a surprise element that is introduced about halfway through that then kind of throws everything on its head. But for the bulk of this film's running time I was never questioning what any character was after or why. And what I mean by being tight, and I would say even efficient in its own way, is I never felt like any scenes were wasted in this film. They are all about serving some aspect of the plot, or developing character, or setting up some future scene that is going to be very crucial to the plot or some aspect of the characters. And you know what I really enjoyed about it too? We can talk about this in terms of what I think the film I suppose is really ultimately about. I just like watching these people, these really smart people – and I'm not necessarily referring to them as smart in terms of their IQ or their education – but characters who know the world they live in and understand the terms of that world. We get so many scenes that are about that kind of gamesmanship, just conversations like the one we see very early in the film between Colin Farrell, who plays someone running for an alderman position that for decades was held by his father, who's played by Robert Duvall in the film. And he goes to meet his challenger for that seat – Brian Tyree Henry the actor, so good in "Atlanta" and so good here – and that banter, that back and forth between them I thought was really thrilling. I think the biggest thrills in the film actually come out of a lot of those types of conversations, whether it's between father and son, Duvall and Ferrell, or Viola Davis with any number of other people that she's talking to, as she's trying to navigate this world that she's now thrown herself into. I guess that was a little bit of a surprise for me, that I enjoyed the conversations in this film as much as any visual aspect of it. 

"Suspiria" Excerpt

Josh: Why do we do this to ourselves, Adam?

Adam: It's late, and that was a long movie.

Josh: An after-screening review of "Suspiria." We got out of the film maybe 20 minutes ago and my head is still spinning, as yours likely is. Probably not the best movie to choose for this review scenario. It's always difficult to come right out of the screening. Sometimes I prefer it just throw those fresh thoughts out there, but I have maybe more questions than I do thoughts at this point.

Adam: That might work.

Josh: We'll start there. I do think it's worth beginning by making a distinction between Dario Argento's "Suspiria," and this one from Luca Guadagnino, because a lot is added. There's an extensive running time, compared to the original.

Adam: It's basically two "Suspirias."

Josh: Yeah, pretty much. It almost gets to that point. The bones are the same. The story essentially is the same. We do have another American dancer who travels to a prestigious German dance academy, also named Susie Bannion, in this case played by Dakota Johnson. She gets there and fairly early on realizes that, yes, coh-ven, coven – whichever one you want to say it – this thing's run by witches. Those are the same plot points that both films follow. Here's some of the stuff that is added in 2018's "Suspiria." I won't give it all because there are some revelations we should probably leave unmentioned. It is set in Berlin in 1977. So one thing that is new is the hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 181 by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Yes, I had to look all this up.

Adam: I going to say you've had enough time to Google...

Josh: Yes, because it is referenced throughout this film, that this crisis is undergoing while the events of the story proper are unfolding. There is also a character, a Dr. Klemperer. We will leave it to you to discover who plays Dr. Klemperer, but he is a psychiatrist [who] interviews Chloe Grace Moretz's dancer in the very beginning of the film. She has escaped. She's a patient of his, let's say, and she's been visiting him from the academy, sharing these theories – that he thinks are delusions – about what's going on there. He becomes a very prominent character throughout the film. That's added. There are doctors in the original, but this is much more of a different take on that. Susie's past, the Dakota Johnson character's past... We go back to her childhood living on a Mennonite farm particularly the deathbed of her mother, and then get some flashbacks that indicate the tension – possible abuse – going on there. Another throughline that is added in this film! And then I would say... I watched the original "Suspiria," a couple weeks ago now, but I don't recall that there was turmoil among the witches, [or] something of a power-struggle-disagreements, especially when it comes to how they should handle Susie in particular.

So, as I said, there are other things that are added here. I'm wondering if any of this added something to you for the experience of "Suspiria." What here was was worthwhile, or proved fruitful, or maybe answered the question of why would Guadagnino want to make this now? What did he want to do with this? Any answers in some of those elements?

Adam: Well, I did not listen to the orders of our esteemed producer, Sam Van Hallgren, the one who, back in 2005 when we talked about the original "Suspiria," as part of our horror movie marathon... derided the film as basically written by a 12- or 13-year-old. He hated "Suspiria."

Josh: Not a fan.

Adam: And I don't remember where it fell in the marathon but actually at the time of its review it was my favorite movie in the marathon. We were both seeing it for the first time – that's why we use those marathons. And I was a little bit wishy-washy on some of these details. I was recognizing all of these new aspects in the 2018 version – what seemed like new aspects to me – but [I] couldn't be completely sure as I haven't seen the Argento "Suspiria," since 2005. It sounds like my recollection was correct. Like so many horror films, that original "Suspiria," may have had real world issues and anxieties on its mind. But if it did they were predominantly allegorical. It's truly the tale of a young American dancer who comes to this academy and she finds out it's actually run by a couple of witches. Spooky things happen. People die in gruesome and elaborately staged ways. You get bright colors, that pseudo-prog-rock score. That's "Suspiria." Here, we've got the young American dancer, we've got the coven of witches, and we definitely have some gruesome deaths. I'm not sure that we get the elaborately staged ones – and maybe we can talk about that. But the real world anxieties are all made literal.

And you touched on a lot of them! Berlin, as a character, this divided city is such a major aspect of this film in a way I don't remember from the original, [both] politically and geographically, obviously with the wall. Baader Meinhof and the terrorists crisis that constantly being in the background – you mentioned that! Dr. Klemperer – his history! The way the Holocaust actually does come up a few different times. We have this sense of his own personal guilt and shame and the collective national guilt and shame, 30 years removed from World War II, being something that is omnipresent and still very much weighing on these characters and this city. Trauma in general is a major aspect of this film. You mentioned the other one I latched onto – Susie Bannion's past. And we get some flashbacks to her childhood and the way she was raised.

Another part here is the feminist angle. You go back to that opening scene you touched on. Chloe Grace Moretz is this young dancer. Basically, Susie Bannion comes in and takes her place. She's going to this Dr. Klemperer to get help. She believes that there are witches at the academy that they are out to get her. And he is just sure that she's completely delusional. He's taking notes, he observes. He never actually tries to help her, at least in that opening scene. And the phrase in my head the whole time was, "believe women." That's what I wrote down in my notes. Then later in the film, much later in the film, one character at least verbalize it completely. But tied to that, what did resonate with me this time, Josh, was this sense of history and survival. I'm not going to say that I was rooting for the coven of witches or Tilda Swinton's Madame Blanc, who is the main instructor there, but I certainly did admire the strength and the resolve of this collective, making this quite political subversive art and doing it for 30 years, and the implications of that – of the art being rooted in a struggle. There's a suggestion that they have been oppressed, probably as women, and they've had to survive through all this turmoil. And they're still standing.

So the English major and the literalist in me loved having all of these ideas to latch onto. I think I'm naturally inclined to want to intellectualize material like this, or maybe I mean to say I want to believe I spent 152 minutes on a movie that actually had some depth to it. But I can't wait to hear from you, Josh. I can't help but wonder if in elevating the material, Guadagnino, you know, actually robbed it of most of its fun.

"Hold The Dark" Excerpt

Adam: I don't think either of us would be so foolish as to characterize Jeremy Saulnier's two previous films, 2014's "Blue Ruin" and 2016's "Green Room," as simple or lacking in nuance and complexity – uninterested in probing the often unseemly depths of the human experience. But compared to his latest "Hold The Dark," based on William Giraldi's 2014 book, both are undeniably pretty straightforward. The former, a character-driven revenge thriller. The latter, a grisly tale of survival. The distinction is somewhat ironic because "Hold The Dark" is on paper and in parts both a character-driven revenge thriller and [a] grisly tale of survival, this time set against the isolated, apparently endless, Alaskan wilderness, instead of a confined nightclub overrun by skinheads. There are hints – and maybe more than hints – of the supernatural, not to mention plenty of unnatural acts that defy explanation in "Hold The Dark," which sees Jeffrey Wright's Russell Core summoned by a mother, played by Riley Keough, who is grieving the killing of her young son by wolves and wants them hunted down. Ambiguous would seem to be an appropriate descriptor but it's a word for me that carries with it, almost exclusively, a positive connotation. Who doesn't want art to contain multiple possible meanings and interpretations? Who doesn't want art to provoke hours of rumination on those meanings and interpretations? But what about art that is just plain vague or confounding – perhaps even pretentious in how it occasionally flirts with larger profundities without the actual provocation? If not forced to consider it for this show, Josh, how long would "Hold The Dark" have loomed in your consciousness? Is there indeed some profundity in the mysteries of Saulnier's Alaska? Or am I overstating the filmmakers elusive ambition altogether? 

Josh: No, it actually stuck with me. It was a more interesting experience to me in the aftermath, in a lot of ways, which I think I mostly mean as a compliment. And you're dead on, in referencing ambiguity here. Just trying to describe this movie in my written review, I said, "It's a werewolf movie that isn't a werewolf movie but really kind of is." I-I still can't even make up my own mind. Maybe we'll do a little bit of spoiler-[talk] at the very end of this, where we can share how we come down on that particular question. I think you're on to something though in that the ambiguity is both a strength and a weakness of this film in different degrees. For me, the weakness part might be that there are a few narrative gaps here, I would say, – some frustratingly open questions that the narrative seems to want you to know the answer to, but doesn't provide, which to me is a little different than letting us fill in the blanks ourselves. You know, what it sort of felt like to me in the aftermath was almost like a limited run Netflix series that had been squished into a feature film. I could have really seen standalone episodes with a certain character that filled in some of the stuff that maybe we wanted to know and let the story breathe – and made this world a little bit more whole, a little bit more cohesive. That would've been more rewarding. 

Adam: Yeah, I think the material is rich enough if you consider supporting characters like James Badge Dale's sheriff and also Cheeon, who is a friend and someone else who has been a victim of a wolf attack on his family. They're fascinating characters. 

Josh: There you go! And both could have easily sustained an episode. And here you get just enough of them to want more, and also just teases as to how they do fit into this larger narrative. Now, the larger narrative itself I was drawn into and fascinated by. This central question of what is going on in this remote village – what do we make of it, given what we know about survival movies, which have a realistic tendency, but also more supernatural... Part of the fun for me was, like, "Where is this thing falling, genre-wise?" Not that I needed a specific answer on that. That's the ambiguity that I enjoyed, the way Saulnier was using the elements from the novel to keep us always guessing what-in-the-world-kind of movie are we watching. That I did enjoy. 

Adam: Not only keeping us guessing, as far as what kind of movie we're watching, but what's going to happen moment to moment. I think that's one of the thrills in all of Saulnier's films – that really everything is up for grabs, scene by scene. And just when you think you are dialed in to what kind of film it is, or what kind of characters these are, it jars you and goes in a completely different direction. I immediately settled into this film thinking it was going to be a movie about Jeffrey Wright's character coming to terms with his own family dysfunction [and] some of a loss that he's experienced. But it was going to be kind of like "The Grey." It was gonna be a movie where he's out in the wilderness, wrestling with his demons, and possibly wrestling with wolves, and within 20 minutes or so, we discover this is really going to be a different kind of movie. I think we also recognize it's a different kind of movie just in terms of its craft. For those of us who have seen these two previous films, that visual artistry isn't really a surprise. The cinematography here is spectacular. 

Josh: Oh, it's gorgeous. 

Adam: I'm probably gonna butcher the name, Magnus Nordedhof Jønck [pronounced Yonk]? 

Josh: I was going to go on "Yonk.". 

Adam: Or is it "Jonk?" 

Josh: Let's say "Yonk.". 

Adam: OK. He also did the camera work for "Lean on Pete," from earlier this year, another movie that we thought was gorgeous. And the compositions here of these Alaskan mountains and the landscapes – of the wolves themselves – there are isolated shots throughout this film that really take your breath away. And just in terms of the storytelling too. This is where the editing obviously comes into play as well. But I think about the very beginning of this film where we see a shot of the young boy, the son, he's playing with a soldier in some ice. And he then looks up and sees the Wolf and we get to the wolf looking back at him and then the next shot is a door being locked, which has some significance we find out later, and we see Riley Keough as the mother – Medora is her name – walking over to make some tea or coffee, and then she goes over to the door and opens it up and just looks at that block of ice where her son was. Just in that one cut, we have transported ahead in time – we come to learn it's only been a few days – but she looks out at that ice and we see the soldier still stuck in it, the ice in the foreground with the soldier, and the mom in the background. We know everything we need to know – or think we need to know – about what happened to that boy just in those few cuts and those shots. Actually I think my single favorite shot in the movie is that one of the camera slowly tracking behind her as she opens the door. It's a very "Searchers"-esque doorway moment, whether deliberately or not. But all we see is that total engulfing blackness. And then when she opens the door, That vertical swath of light from it, and then in front of her, in the background of that shot – all that grandeur and that kind of menacing isolation in the distance. Really that shot, I think Josh in a lot of ways, is a visual metaphor for the entire movie. It's called "Hold The Dark." It's called that very much for a reason. We might be able to get into some of the aspects of just how literal that can be taken, but that little sliver of light against that encompassing darkness and that battle that's going on – and the battle that the light is losing – is really at the core of this entire film. 

"Halloween" Excerpt

Josh: Let's go back to 1978, when the slasher film didn't really exist. Then came John Carpenter's "Halloween." Let's get this out of the way right at the start, Adam. I've seen the jack-o'-lantern light. Last week, you teased this episode by pointing out I was one of four critics on Rotten Tomatoes who had not given 1978's "Halloween," a fresh rating. That did not put me in good company for the record– 

Adam: No, it's Sam who really likes to bring that up, our producer. 

Josh: [Laughs] I know. Well, Roger Ebert was not one of those four, because his four-star review called "Halloween," " absolutely merciless thriller," and even compared it to "Psycho." In a 2014 Rolling Stone readers poll, asking about the best horror movies of all time, "Halloween," placed fourth. The movie is so revered it even currently has its own limited run podcast, "Halloween Unmasked," hosted by the wonderful critic, Amy Nicholson. Part critical assessment and part oral history, the series recounts how director John Carpenter's third film, which he co-wrote with producer Debra Hill, became an unexpected hit and the fountainhead for countless slasher flicks, in which a psychotic killer slices his way through horny teenagers, only to be thwarted by the virginal heroine in the end. That heroine here in "Halloween?" Jamie Lee Curtis as Laurie Strode, the matronly high school babysitter, stalked by a masked maniac Michael Myers, who has returned to his hometown of Haddonfield, Illinois, where he murdered his own teenage sister 15 years earlier when he was just 6. My dismissal of "Halloween," after seeing it for the first time some 10 years ago was partly just me doing a bad job of movie criticism, Adam. I wasn't watching carefully enough and I was not giving the movie the benefit of the doubt. One thing I didn't give enough thought and attention to is "Halloween's," place in the sex-equals-death genre of horror. I lumped the movie in with "Friday the 13th," and wrote it off as at once puerile and puritanical in the way it eagerly punished Laurie's promiscuous friends, while rewarding her with survival. Paying more attention to that theme this time around, Adam, I've got a different take. But first I want to hear yours. When did Halloween first scare you, does it still scare you today, and what do you make of its sexual politics, especially in a contemporary horror-aware movie world that recognizes Laurie Strode as the original Final Girl? 

Adam: No, it didn't really scare me this time for whatever that's worth. Thinking back to the last time it was discussed here on the show – though discussed... I'm going to use that term loosely, because Sam and I, we talked about "Halloween," as part of our Horror Movie Marathon. It was the second marathon we'd ever done on the show. This is back in 2005. 

Josh: Is this the one "Suspiria," was part of as well? 

Adam: Exactly. I think we had talked about "Suspiria," just before this review of "Halloween." Again, I'll use the term "review" loosely, because I did revisit this and it was the only film in the marathon that I was already familiar with, but Sam wasn't. At least I think I was. I grew up seeing "Halloween," on all the time, and I felt like I'd seen so many parts of it that I really knew the film. Sam didn't feel like he knew it at all, so we included it in the marathon. For me, watching it 13 years ago now, it felt like I was seeing something pretty miraculous, and actually, I'd say I did my own bad job of criticism in '05, because we spent about 9 minutes on it and really didn't get into any of the substance of the movie. In fact at one point I said, "Well Carpenter's not saying anything profound here." I basically just chalked it all up to style. But I was so enthusiastic. I was entranced by the filmmaking, those tracking shots and the soundtrack, and just Carpenter's control and his craft. This time I maybe wasn't as surprised or taken off guard by that and was more aware I think of some of the absurdities of the script, which isn't uncommon in the horror genre. Of course now I can intellectualize it a lot more. I've a lot more to say about the film. We'll see if there's any substance behind it. But that question about final girls, and where this movie kind of stacks up in that discussion, is a really fascinating one to me. I'm far from an expert on this but you said it in the tease. Slasher films didn't really exist before John Carpenter. I'm sure someone can write in and say, "Well this could work," or whatever, but generally speaking, people look to the films of the '70s and '80s – "Texas Chainsaw Massacre," definitely came before "Halloween" – but I feel like Laurie Strode has to be the Final Girl doesn't she? Whether or not she was in fact the first – I know the term came from the Carol Clover book that focused on those '70s and '80s slasher films – I think "Halloween," has to be the biggest one of those. Even though I haven't read it, Josh, my understanding is it takes a feminist approach to gender in these slasher films, and argues that while these movies start out offering the perspective of the male killer – and we certainly get that in Carpenter's "Halloween," right with that fantastic opening that all takes place from the viewpoint of the young Michael Myers. Even when he puts the mask on, we watch the murder of his sister play out through the eye-holes of the mask – and then these films end with the perspective shifting to that of the female victim who ultimately wins. And of course, as an example – I'm sure there are many others we could point to – when Laurie is hiding in the closet upstairs... We watch Michael from her viewpoint as he busts through those closet doors. We are hiding in the closet with her. So that shift is definitely there. Now the counterpoint, surely, is that it's hard to reconcile as feminists the notion that promiscuity is bad, that these young women in any way deserve to be punished to die because of their sexual transgressions. This movie probably does fit into that scheme. But where I think "Halloween," is still relevant, and maybe set a standard that all of the copycats didn't fully follow, is that this movie seemed to me, on this watch, something I didn't tap into at all, frankly, 13 years ago. This movie is fundamentally about the concept of sexual transgression, and about the concept of good-versus-evil and good-girls versus bad-girls, and even good-boys versus bad-boys. I think the most famous line in the movie is probably the one where we have Donald Pleasance, as the doctor Sam Loomis, say that, "He had the blackest eyes, the devil's eyes. I spent eight years trying to reach him and then another seven trying to keep him locked up, because I realized what was living behind that boy's eyes was purely and simply evil." He believed that wholeheartedly and no one else sees it or is willing to see it. But I think given what we see in that opening shot of Michael, when his parents come home, there's at least a suggestion of... I don't know that you can say he's a victim in this. But it's as if he's suffered some kind of trauma as well. That look on his face, of a 6-year-old boy, it certainly suggests innocence, though, of course, we saw it all play out. We know there was nothing innocent about it as he holds that knife with blood on it. I think what really emerged this time was not just the talking-to and -about Laurie Strode to Laurie, often and her propriety and her purity, but even the way she personally seems to wrestle with it. There's really a key moment I think when she admits that she's attracted to Ben Cramer. Then, when she essentially retracts that – and I love that we get there's at least two of them in the film, maybe more – these asides to herself where she actually talks to herself and reassures herself that she really is a good girl. She makes a bet with her friend Annie, the one who reached out to Ben. She says, "If you watch her I'll consider talking to Ben Cramer in the morning." And then, basically, saying, "Oh, I didn't mean it. She doesn't really like you that way. Is it a deal?" And Lori says to herself after her friend leaves, "The old girl scout comes again." 

Josh: Uh-huh. 

Adam: Right? So for me, it's less about a filmmaker – and let's point out too... written by Deborah Hill the screenplay and produced by Deborah Hill along with Carpenter – it's less about making these black and white delineations between moral and immoral, and genuinely wanting to explore some of that gray area, I think specifically as it relates to repression. 

Josh: Yes yes yes yes. These are the distinctions that I missed the first time around. 

Adam: I did too. 

"First Man" Excerpt

Adam: Josh, we just came from an IMAX screening of Damien Chazelle's "First Man." And because of that, we're just going to cut right to the chase and really get to the question I can't wait to hear you weigh in on. Just a little bit of background first. The movie covers really a seven-to-eight year span in Neil Armstrong's life, from his time as an engineer and test pilot who was selected for NASA's Gemini and Apollo programs and ultimately becomes -- spoiler -- the first man to walk on the moon. When you think about Damien Chazelle's previous films, they're kinda loud movies. From his debut, the jazzy musical romance "Guy and Madeline on a Park Bench," which is filled with singing and dancing, to "Whiplash," where jazz is again the milieu, and Miles Teller plays an aggressive drum student taught by an even more aggressive instructor, to his last film which of course features more singing and dancing and jazz, "La La Land." There is no jazz in "First Man." There's scarcely any music and there's actually scarcely any talking, as Armstrong is a man of few words to begin with who turns more inward after the loss of his young daughter and whose job requires him to do a lot but say almost nothing - even when he's strapped into a rocket tightly next to one or two other people who, like him, are experiencing something few people, and in some cases, no other people in history have ever experienced! I'm curious how you think Chazelle acquits himself here with all that quiet.


Josh: Well, I would say maybe it's noisy in different ways. One thing that struck me about all of the spaceflight sequences is how chaotic they were visually -- mostly a lot of shaky cam here, and almost to the point where some of the images take on an abstract feel to them, where things begin to blur together. And obviously this is putting us in the astronauts' point of view, but it's very intense. More so than most of the astronaut films I can think of. Noise is a big part of that. There's a roar that comes with this. The opening sequence, where Armstrong is taking a test flight just outside of the Earth's atmosphere, what's most striking about that -- and this ties to your point -- is how we get that roar, and that rush and the clatter. I mean you feel like this thing's going to fall apart. And then he breaks through and suddenly there's silence once he gets out of the atmosphere. That's a really striking moment and a very exciting sequence and it's mirrored with the very final sequence of the landing on the moon, where there's a lot of chaos until that landing, until the door opens and they step out, and we can talk about the other visual elements that come into play there too, but there's silence, as well, when we finally meet the expanse of the moon's surface. So yeah, that's a technique that I think is used effectively in "First man." He is working with Justin Hurwitz again, the composer who has been involved in all of his films, and I would say you know the distinction that he adds here is ... He is using a theremin some cases, so we get this almost '60s cheesy space motif. It's very gentle. It's just in the background. It's not like, you know, the sci-fi stuff we're thinking of when we hear the word theremin. But it's there! You sense it. I don't know how I feel about that yet. At other moments the score is really heavy when they're approaching the moon and very momentous-feeling. That is part of the audio chaos as well, in a way. I'm still thinking my way through this score mostly because of the way music is so integral in all his other films, but I think you're right to point out that there are distinct moments of silence that I did find very effective, and I think Gosling's performance as part of that works too. I mean, one of the things he can do well is stoicism. I feel like he can withhold a lot while still letting us in enough. And in their vision of Neil Armstrong, that's crucial, and I think he does it well.


Adam: I agree he does it well. One thing that did strike me about the score -- and I think this ties in is some other aspects of the film we may end up discussing -- it's never triumphant though. For me it's not. I know you said it gets more momentous, it gets louder, it gets bigger, especially as they're approaching the moon, but it doesn't have that kind of "Apollo 13," or even "The Right Stuff," [thing] where it's about trying to really make you feel something as a viewer, whether it's pride or inspired. I never felt like it was trying to push any of those emotions onto us. And again, I feel like that ultimately reflects the hero at the core of this and the person who Neil Armstrong is, at least according to this portrait. Putting it in that perspective, thinking about it in relation to other Chazelle films, you can see why he might be drawn to someone like Armstrong because, similar to Miles Teller's character in "Whiplash," and to Gosling, again, as Seb in "La La Land," they're all kind of obsessive men who have a quest and who have some integrity. And there is something that they're trying to attain or aspire to that is greater than themselves, that they have to push themselves to get to. But there is at least one key difference, and I think this gets back to this notion of quiet and saying-versus-doing; we always know what Seb wants. We know what he's after in "La La Land." We know what Miles Teller's character is after in "Whiplash." They're open books. They're people who are proclaiming through both their words their actions exactly what they're after, and it's the complete opposite here. We have in Gosling's Armstrong a character who really is only about action and is almost physically unable to actually express himself to the outside world. Now, where it's similar to those films... I do feel like it's as much about movement and about precision and sound, in some ways, as those more musically inclined films, whether it's the camera twirling with these characters in space, the shakiness that we get in a lot of scenes, putting us right there in the capsule or the cockpit with these men, and even the way we are watching those characters under that duress know what their moves are -- know what the steps are. I do feel like there is some connection there especially as we get into some of those sequences like the extended Moon sequence, where there isn't much of this being said at all. But there is a lot of grace in terms of the movement of the characters and of the space capsules themselves.


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